Keywords:Charleston, Fort Sumter, SC, South Carolina, boat, sailors
Dimensions3500 x 1750
Original file size2.11 MB
Date modified28-Jun-12 12:32
02452 - View of Fort Sumter; From the sand bar, Charleston, SC 1865 [LC-DIG-cwpb-02452]
Following the surrender of Fort Sumter in April of 1861 Major Anderson marched his men to the wharf to board the steamer Isabel to take them to New York. Since the United States did not have an official national anthem until the 1930’s, the band played “Yankee Doodle”. The steamer brought General Beauregard to Fort Sumter for the official ceremony. Major Anderson turned over possession of the fort to Beauregard and then boarded the Isabel for New York about 11 PM on April 14th 1861.
His arrival in New York was cause for wild celebration. Despite the fact that he had surrendered (and effectively lost Charleston) it was felt that he had acted honorably and that the loss was a forgone conclusion. He was immediately promoted to Brigadier General. The flag the he had brought from Fort Sumter was taken to Union Square in New York for the largest public gathering in North America at the time.
For most of the next four years Sumter remained in Confederate hands. Re-captured in February 1865 it became a symbol of the war for both sides. On April 14th 1865 a large group of dignitaries, including (now Major General) Anderson was brought back to what remained of the fort. During the ceremony the original flag was raised once again over the fort. A small portion of this sandbar still remains next to Fort Sumter. The two flags used by Anderson are now on display in the Fort and at the National Park Service Museum that also serves as the departure point for tours of the fort.