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Taken 28-Jun-12
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Keywords:blockade; runner; sullivan; island; South Carolina; SC
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Dimensions3500 x 1750
Original file size2.1 MB
Image typeJPEG
Color spaceUncalibrated
Date modified28-Jun-12 12:33
02974 - Wreck of Blockade-Runner; Sullivan's Island, SC; 1865 [LC-DIG-cwpb-02974]

02974 - Wreck of Blockade-Runner; Sullivan's Island, SC; 1865 [LC-DIG-cwpb-02974]

While most of the memorable battles were fought on land, the role of the Navy in fighting blockade runners was critical. At the start of the war the Union Army enacted the “Anaconda Plan” which attempted to squeeze the South by restricting her ability to conduct trade. The Union Navy posted 500 ships along the 3500 mile Southern coastline effectively halting all Southern trade.

To combat this, the South enlisted the help of Great Britain (who was highly dependent on Southern goods, particularly cotton). The British introduced long, narrow steamships designed for speed, not for combat. With little or no arms or armor the ships could dart in and out of the Southern ports some as many as 20 times without capture. By wars end the Union Navy had captured 1,100 and destroyed or ran aground another 355.